Marian Anderson (1897–1993)
A famous contralto throughout Europe and the U.S., Marian Anderson was denied the right to sing at Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C. in 1939. Owned by the Daughters of the Revolution, the hall prohibited concerts by black performers, and even a vocalist of Anderson’s stature was denied the chance to sing at the renowned venue. Instead, she took to the steps of the Lincoln Memorial and sang to the 75,000 gathered on the National Mall. During the first song of her performance, “My Country, ’Tis of Thee,’” Anderson changed the lyrics from “of thee I sing” to “to thee we sing,” which united a community and cast her as an important figure in the fight against racial inequality in the performing arts.
“When I sing, I don’t want them to see that my face is black. I don’t want them to see that my face is white. I want them to see my soul. And that is colorless.” –Marian Anderson.